Tuesday, June 18, 2019

What are the 6 principles of interior design

What are the 6 principles of interior design? The 6 fundamental principles of design which are: 
  1. balance
  2. proximity
  3. alignment
  4. repetition
  5. contrast
  6. space
6 Principles of interior design
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To sum up here is the short answer: The elements and principles of design are the building blocks. The design elements constitute the things that constitute a design. The design principles are what we do to those elements.

What are the elements of design

  1. COLOR: Color reflects light from objects. Color's three main hues are red, green, and blue. In addition color has intensity or what is commonly know as how bright and how dull it is.
  2. LINE: Which are linear marks made from a pen, brush, or with the help of a straight edge when two forms meet.
  3. SHAPE: Is a form. It's a geometric (free forming forms or natural forms) or organic self defined area. A positive form creates a negative form automatically.
  4. DIRECTION: Is considered all lines have a horizontal, vertical or oblique direction. Horizontal offers calmness, stability and peace. Vertical gives a sense of equilibrium, formality and alertness.
  5. SIZE: Is simply the relationship of the area occupied by one form and the other. Oblique suggests movement and action.
  6. TEXTURE: Is the surface quality of the form is a texture, rough, smooth, hard and soft gloss.

What are the 6 principles of design explained

  1. BALANCE: Is referring to the design balance which is similar to physical equilibrium. By a small form near the edge, a large shape near the center can be balanced. Equilibrium offers stability and design structure. It is the weight of the elements that is distributed in the design.
  2. PROXIMITY: Is the nearness creates a connection between elements. It gives us a focus. Nearness does not imply the need to place elements together, it means that they should in some ways be connected visually.
  3. ALIGNMENT: Allows us to organize order. The alignment of elements allows them to establish a visual link.
  4. REPETITION: Repetition enhances the design by linking each element together. It helps build consistency and association. Repetition can create an organized movement analogous to a rhythm.
  5. CONTRAST: The opposite color of the color wheel, or light versus dark values, and the other direction, like horizontal versus vertical, is the opposite of opposing elements. Contrast enables us to highlight or emphasize key design elements.
  6. SPACE: The final frontier, sorry that's from Start Trek, never mind. Space is the distance or area within or around elements. Space in every design, both positive and negative areas are important factors.
symmetrical balance principles of design
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Traditional interior design has a symmetrical balance, a technique that seeks to reflect one another on both sides of the room. Asymmetry is a deviation from symmetrical balance in which the room has different design and arrangement, but still has the same visual weight.

Design help and education articles

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What are interior design principles

Radial symmetry of design from the 6 fundamental principles of design
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Radial symmetry is an unconventional approach towards the balance principle where the central point is either an arch or a part of the spiral pattern.

Interior design large wall art
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The size relationship between the fixtures and the room should mesh well to achieve the desired design output, such as making the room appear larger and making the room appear smaller.

Repetition in interior design
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Repetition is a classic rhythm principle technique that uses the same aesthetic elements, such as maintaining the fixture or the characteristics and quality of the design. Progression assembles aesthetic elements in an escalating fashion, such as arranging fixtures from the smallest to the largest or arranging the hue of your wallpaper from the lightest to the darkest.

Contrast elements interior design
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Contrast also helps to avoid a monotonous look of your design. Contrasted colors such as black and white or contrasting forms such as circles and squares are among the well-known techniques used in contrast. Modern interior designers are very much into using color contrast, where colors can be somewhat festive and try to add light and relaxing tones.

The main visual attraction of the design should be the key points, while all the other details, like color, scale and balance, serve as the proverbial focus which enhances the focus of the area. Modern interior designers strategically use this principle to emphasize various areas in mansions to create a combined look.

The unity principle affirms the need to align and complement one other in order to create a sustainable harmony of design, balance, scale, rhythm and focus. Unity emphasizes the need to see the design as a whole consisting of a number of aesthetic schemes to achieve uniformity from the colors to the designs.

Basic building blocks of good design

Good interior design
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There are the basic building blocks that form interior design or for that matter artwork. The subtleties and elegance of interior design are to be appreciated and expounded upon pushing these principles to the limits.

You can transform any space to look fabulous when you know the basic principles of interior design. When you go into a well designed room, you know what it feels like. You can feel how cohesive and cohesive everything is. It feels good. In your own home, you can achieve this with a little knowledge of fundamental concepts. Pair this knowledge and experience and you are on the way to a lovely home.

Good interior design

Did you know that a beautifully decorated interior not only works well, it also creates a mood or feeling and shows off the personality of the family that lives there. It is attention to these three important ingredients such as function, mood and personality that ensure successful decoration.

One good idea is to think about your family and how you live before painting and rearranging. Look for inspiration in magazines and draw your ideas or spaces. Gather stuff from around the house that makes you feel good and carefully study it with color clues and perhaps an indication of the mood you want in your house. This is the start of a well-designed, decorated living room.

What's the focus? 

Interior natural focal points
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Sometimes the rooms have natural focal points or the eyes go into a room, like a fireplace, a lagoon or a bookcase, right after entering. You can always create a space with a colorful area rug or a dynamic piece of art if the room has no natural focal point.

For room functions as well as for visual appeal, lighting should be selected. Each task requires direct illumination from a lamp or indirect lights to just shed light on the conversation room or watch the TV. Accent lighting, track lighting or recessed lighting will improve texture, color and details in the room.

Color choices

Interior color choices
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Your color choices, furnishings, texture and designs and your accessories create the mood and feeling in a room. Since there is so much to reflect on when a mood is being created, a theme can be made much more fun and interesting through the selection of an inspirational piece.

Discovering from an inspiration source is by far the easiest way. There is a decorative magazine photo. Choose your piece of inspiration wisely and ensure that when you look it you feel good. This is the basis for choosing your subject, colors, designs, and textures.


Interior room theme
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The theme should always be supported by color. Often, your inspirational piece contains the colors that are best suited to it. In general, three colors in a room can be chosen: the dominant color, used for walls and background tapestries; the secondary color found in fabrics and accessories throughout the room; and the accent color, used in a sparing fashion for the space's energy and excitement.

Too many smooth, shiny or nubby things become tired rustic texture. To keep the room interesting, use the variety. A pattern can also be used as a texture. Many prints appear dimensional and thus add depth to a decorative design.

Photos, vases, pillows and even teapots are all components of a great decorative plan. Teapots? Well yes, them too. They should generally support your theme, but they should give it more flexible; an antique frame could make a contemporary room more versatile. The accessories can be paintings, photographs or pillows, on walls, cabinets, furniture, tabletops, and floors.

Design summary

Art and design elements and principles are the basis of the language of art. The elements of art are the visual instruments used by the artist for composing. Line, form, color, value, form, texture and space are these.

In a painting, the artist decides what art principles he or she wants to use. While an artist could not use all design principles in one piece, the principles are interconnected and the use of one often depends on another. Thus, one art principle can influence another effect and impact.

I would love to read your thoughts. How have you applied these principles? What worked and what didn't? Please comment below. Thanks

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